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2061 (21-30)
9. Februar 2024
21
Viele Jahrzehnte lang gab es in Deutschland und in den USA Zeiten geteilter wirtschaftlicher Unsicherheit. Nachrichtenbasierte Unsicherheitsindizes für die USA und Deutschland waren stark korreliert. Von den USA ausgehende Schocks wie der 11. September 2001 oder die Finanzkrise lösten in Deutschland eine erhöhte politische Unsicherheit aus. Und Schocks, die von Europa ausgingen – die Staatsschuldenkrise oder der Brexit – erhöhten die Unsicherheit in beiden Volkswirtschaften. Im Vergleich zu solchen externen Schocks verursachten selbst wichtige wirtschaftspolitische Debatten in Deutschland, wie die Agenda-Reformen Mitte der 2000er Jahre, wenig Unsicherheit. [mehr]
8. Februar 2024
22
The German government this week agreed on the main features of a new power plant strategy. It is intended to address the problem that there will continue to be phases in the future when weather-dependent renewable energies are unable to cover the entire demand for electricity. Back-up power plants with base load capability are currently a necessary building block of an energy strategy based on renewables. German government has decided to bank on hydrogen-ready gas-fired power plants. The government aims to establish a new capacity mechanism by 2028 whereby power plant operators are remunerated for providing secured capacity via tenders. In a first step, 10 gigawatts (GW) of capacity are to be put out to tender in the short term (4 x 2.5 GW). This corresponds to around 20 power plant units. Pending further details, we believe that these plans for a capacity market are a positive development. In our view, it promises greater investment and thus energy security than the alternative of relying on market incentives, i.e., electricity prices remaining temporarily high enough in future to be able to operate such power plants profitably even at low capacity utilisation. One of the major challenges of the future is to obtain sufficient (green) hydrogen for the operation of power plants and industrial processes. [mehr]
7. Februar 2024
23
Regierung ringt weiter um künftigen finanzpolitischen Kurs. Nach vier krisenbedingten Ausnahmejahren will die Bundesregierung in diesem Jahr wieder die reguläre Grenze der Schuldenregel einhalten. Auch wenn sie im nun erzielten Haushaltskompromiss die „Balance zwischen Zukunftsinvestitionen, sozialer Sicherung, steuerlicher Entlastung und Konsolidierung“ gewahrt sieht, geht die Debatte über die weitere finanzpolitische Ausrichtung unvermindert weiter. Und angesichts der Tatsache, dass bereits zwei Drittel des Bundeshaushaltes für Sozial-, Personal- und Zinsausgaben gebunden sind – und das Wachstumspotenzial weiter absinken dürfte –, dürften sich die Ausgabenspielräume auf absehbare Zeit in sehr engen (grundgesetzlichen) Grenzen halten. [mehr]
29. Januar 2024
Region:
26
Risk capital markets are key to financing the innovations needed for the twin transition. They spot promising startup companies and provide them with funding to realise their growth potential. Venture capital (VC) investment volumes in the EU have increased almost fivefold over the past decade. However, the market remains much smaller in Europe than in the US, making it more difficult for young European firms than their US peers to scale up. To grow further, VC firms in the EU need not only to overcome the current market slump, but also to address structural issues related to fundraising, scaling up investments, and the exit environment. [mehr]
23. Januar 2024
28
In the latest Podzept episode from Deutsche Bank Research, Matthew Barnard sat down with Matthew Luzzetti (Chief US Economist) and Matthew Raskin (Head of US Rates Research) to discuss key topics surrounding the path forward for the Fed, including the magnitude and timing of interest rate cuts. Also discussed is the outlook for the Fed’s balance sheet and QT. [mehr]
23. Januar 2024
30
Germany lags behind in digitalization. E-Government is a case in point. Historically, public projects are often based on complex coordination across many various entities. We think, switching from this traditional approach to a clear central governance is essential to implement a public cloud, to digitalize registers and offer digital services for citizens and businesses. Interestingly, Bavaria outperforms and seems to have a more central approach than other Länder. [mehr]
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