1. Research

Kevin Körner

71 (49-60)
14. Mai 2018
49
Developments in artificial intelligence and robotics have far-reaching economic and sociopolitical consequences, with some of them already materialising today. Still, the implications of further progress in these fields are not well understood. Economies around the world are likely to be impacted differently by the diffusion of AI technologies and robotics as wealthy industrial countries might increasingly “re-shore” production. To forge ahead and maximise the benefits for economies and societies, a balance needs to be found globally between successfully promoting key technologies and industries and avoiding the risk of rising protectionism and "knowledge wars". As the pace of technological change and the related launch of new business models are unlikely to slow, the ability of the state and regulators to keep pace is challenged. [mehr]
7. März 2018
50
From the start, the negotiations were ill-fated. To begin with, the SPD leadership rejected a revival of the grand coalition (Groko). Then, the partly diametrically opposed interests of the parties involved, seemingly abundant financial scope and a lack of interest in fundamental reforms on the part of the German population led to a – in many areas – mixed bag of measures which, on balance, aims to further increase governmental control of the business sector and society at the expense of individual freedom. However, at present, the predominant feeling is relief that Germany now has a “decent“ government. But not only the coalition partners may soon wonder whether the price is too high. [mehr]
5. März 2018
51
Von Anfang an standen die Verhandlungen unter einem ungünstigen Stern. Dazu hat zunächst die Verweigerung einer Neuauflage der Groko seitens der SPD-Führung beigetragen. Dann führten die teilweise diametral entgegengesetzten Interessenlagen der Beteiligten, vermeintlich üppige finanzielle Spielräume und das Desinteresse der Bevölkerung an grundlegenden Reformen zu einem in vielen Teilen widersprüchlichen Maßnahmenkatalog, der insgesamt den Einfluss des Staates in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft zu Lasten individueller Freiräume weiter erhöht. Doch derzeit überwiegt die Erleichterung darüber, dass Deutschland wieder eine „ordentliche“ Regierung hat. Allerdings könnten sich wohl nicht nur die Koalitionäre bald fragen, ob der Preis nicht doch zu hoch war. [mehr]
5. März 2018
Region:
52
2018/19 wird für die Zukunft der EU-Finanzen von entscheidender Bedeutung sein. Im Vergleich zu früheren Haushaltsverhandlungen steht die EU dieses Mal vor deutlich größeren Herausforderungen, zumal durch den Austritt Großbritanniens aus der Union jedes Jahr eine Lücke von über 10 Mrd. Euro im EU-Haushalt klaffen wird. Würde zur Deckung der Brexit-Lücke und der zusätzlichen Ausgaben der EU-Haushalt deutlich aufgestockt, hätte dies – wie unsere Szenarioanalyse zeigt – vor allem negative Auswirkungen für die Nettozahler in West- und Nordeuropa. Unter schmerzhaften Einschnitten im EU-Haushalt hingegen würden insbesondere die Mitgliedstaaten in Osteuropa leiden. Zusätzlich erschwert wird die Lage durch den Wegfall des Britenrabatts und die zu erwartende Streichung jeglicher „Rabatte auf den Rabatt“. Prioritätensetzung, Effizienz, Subsidiarität und Kostenverteilung gehören folglich zu den zentralen Diskussionspunkten um den zukünftigen EU-Haushalt. [mehr]
28. Februar 2018
Region:
53
2018-2019 will be crucial for the future of EU finances. Compared to previous MFF negotiations, this time the challenges ahead are disproportionally larger, including a large annual budget gap of above EUR 10 bn to be left by the UK's exit from the Union. Our scenario analysis illustrates that Western and Northern European members would see their net contributions deteriorate most in case of a substantial budget expansion in order to cover the UK shortfall as well as additional spending needs. Eastern European members would be hurt most by the alternative of harsh spending cuts to close the Brexit gap in the budget. To complicate matters further, the abolishment of the UK rebate and probably all "rebates on the rebate" will lead to a redistribution of costs among members. Profound discussions will therefore be necessary regarding the prioritization, efficiency, subsidiarity and cost sharing. [mehr]
8. Dezember 2017
Region:
54
No real surprises hidden in the “Saint Nicholas” reform package from Brussels, a detailed set of reform proposals and communications that the European Commission published as a “roadmap” for deepening EMU. The proposals build on Commission President Juncker’s September State of the Union speech and, in essence, match closely with the French vision of more stabilization and risk-sharing in the EU, while they also try to meet German demands for better supervision of fiscal rules. The strong focus on anchoring any further integration of the Monetary Union - such as the reform of the ESM and the introduction of a Eurozone budget - in the institutional framework also illustrates the wariness in Brussels of being sidelined in its fiscal competencies and to allow the euro area to further develop on its own. [mehr]
1. Dezember 2017
Region:
56
The fluid political situation in Germany threatens to stall EU policymaking in a number of fields, above all the build-out of the euro area. The EU summit on Dec 14/15 is unlikely to yield an agreement on a potential roadmap for reforming the monetary union making it even more difficult to take final decisions in June 2018 as envisaged by the EU Commission. This will in return dampen optimism that a French-German tandem will provide a fresh impetus to the EU as a whole before the European Parliament elections in 2019. [mehr]
1. Dezember 2017
Region:
57
Beyond the Catalan referendum, independence movements in Europe seem to enjoy a revival. But calls for greater autonomy or even secession are not just about cultural identity - financial discrepancies between regions also play a major role. Unsurprisingly, most of the regions with strong separatist tendencies are amongst the wealthiest in their respective countries. Calls for (more) independence seem to be loudest when national financial equalization mechanisms lead to results that are perceived as disproportional, such as in Spain or Italy. [mehr]
17. November 2017
58
Der Euro kann seinen zweiten Platz unter den weltweit wichtigsten Reservewährungen bislang problemlos verteidigen. In Q2 2017 lag sein Anteil an den zugeordneten Währungsreserven nach Angaben des IWF bei 19,9%. Der US-Dollar bleibt mit 63,8% die unangefochtene Nummer eins unter den Reservewährungen. Doch sowohl der Euro als auch der Dollar mussten Anteile zugunsten anderer (nicht-traditioneller) Reservewährungen aufgeben. Ungeachtet der Frage, ob dies strukturellen Entwicklungen oder (vorübergehenden) Verschiebungen in der Reserveallokation geschuldet ist – die Diskussion um die führende Weltreservewährung (oder führenden Reservewährungen) des 21. Jahrhunderts gewinnt dadurch zweifelsohne an Bedeutung. [mehr]
15. November 2017
59
The euro’s second place among the world’s most important reserve currencies has remained so far undisputed. The single currency’s share of allocated foreign exchange reserves stabilised at 19.9% in Q2, according to IMF data. The US dollar easily defended its position as the dominant currency in the international monetary system. But both the euro and the dollar gradually gave some way to other reserve currencies. Regardless of whether this observation reflects structural developments or rather (temporary) shifts in reserve allocation - it certainly fuels the discussion about the 21st century’s leading reserve currency (or currencies). [mehr]
7.6.3