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Europa

Die europäische Integration hat prägenden Einfluss auf die nationale Politikgestaltung, die EU selbst ist ein wichtiger Akteur in der Weltwirtschaft. Über den größten Teil der wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen für europäische Unternehmen und Verbraucher, gerade auch der finanzmarktrelevanten, wird auf europäischer Ebene entschieden. Deutsche Bank Research analysiert und kommentiert daher aktuelle Entwicklungen in der EU bzw. der EWU. Den europäischen Banken- und Finanzmärkten gilt dabei besondere Aufmerksamkeit.

237 (11-20)
12. Mai 2023
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Banks’ domestic sovereign exposures in the euro area ballooned during the financial and European debt crises but have markedly declined since then. Still, with 5% of total assets and 76% of capital, they remain considerable and a risk on bank balance sheets, especially in light of the general exemption from capital requirements and concentration limits. Risk parameters differ between national banking markets, and the home bias remains high, at around 80%, as banks hardly diversify into other euro-area debt. The cross-country differences make it difficult for policymakers to agree on a fully mutualized European Deposit Insurance Scheme and thus complete the Banking Union. [mehr]
11
6. April 2023
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Recent wobbles in US and European banking markets have been triggered by idiosyncratic issues at some institutions and broader uncertainty about the impact of central banks’ monetary tightening. However, capital and liquidity levels of the banking industry in Europe continue to be very robust. In addition, asset quality and profitability are the strongest since the financial crisis 15 years ago. Nevertheless, the market tensions are likely to result in banks tightening lending conditions for the private sector further and they could fuel discussions about the effectiveness and potential adjustments of some regulations. [mehr]
12
16. März 2023
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London ist nach wie vor der führende Finanzplatz für OTC-Zinsderivate mit einem Marktanteil von 46% und einem durchschnittlichen täglichen Handelsvolumen von USD 2,6 Bill. Allerdings hat Großbritannien seit 2019 an Boden verloren – damals lag sein Marktanteil noch bei 51%. Gründe dafür sind sowohl die Abkehr vom Libor als auch die anhaltenden Bemühungen der EU-Behörden, mehr Derivate-Clearing in die EU zu holen. [mehr]
13
31. Januar 2023
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In a new video Rhea Shah highlights how European retail online brokerage and platform universe all feature in the ‘European online brokers & platforms: Catering for the next-gen investors’ report. The report aims to making it easier for investors and corporates to compare companies in one place. [mehr]
16
12. Januar 2023
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Climate stress tests have emerged as a key tool for looking into the financial system’s vulnerability to climate risks. Banks’ exposure to climate risks stems from (1) physical risks that are closely related to geography, and (2) transition risks mainly from loans to carbon-intensive sectors. Exercises by the ECB and BoE suggest that banks’ credit losses in a disorderly transition would be higher than in an orderly transition scenario, and even higher in a “hot house world” with unabated global warming. Banks would be able to absorb climate-related losses due to strong capital buffers. Results are subject to data limitations and modelling constraints. So far, climate stress tests are declared learning exercises with no direct implications for capital requirements. However, supervisors are urging banks to set up a comprehensive climate risk management. [mehr]
18
20. Dezember 2022
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For more than a decade, European banks have sought to catch up and narrow the gap to their US peers. For many years, they were not particularly successful, due to a number of reasons: economic growth in the US outpaced that in Europe, interest rates were consistently higher (and never negative) on the other side of the Atlantic, and restructuring and capital raising needs were greater in Europe which constrained the banks’ ability to expand their business. In the past few years, however, European banks’ performance has indeed improved and they have not just made substantial progress, but also seem well positioned to finally reduce the distance to their US competitors. [mehr]
19
37.5.0