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1549 (51-60)
17. Februar 2021
German GDP: Down (Q1) but not out (in 2021). The longer “hard” lockdown, weather-related losses in construction and impairments in car output due to chip supply problems have prompted us to cut our Q1 GDP forecast to -2% qoq. We continue to expect a strong rebound in the summer half propelled by healthy global demand, supportive fiscal and monetary policy and German households’ pent-up demand. Inflation: Now expecting 2% for 2021! The Jan print of 1% yoy surprised massively to the upside, in part due to one-offs. But the strong rise in core goods prices begs the question whether the Jan readings could herald stronger underlying inflation dynamics. There are still strong arguments for a continuation of structurally low inflation dynamics. However, we see risk that price dynamics could strengthen more strongly through impaired supply conditions. Overall, we now project the inflation rate to average 2.0% in 2021. Towards the end of 2021 the headline rate could spike to as much as 3% before easing to 1 ½% in Q1 2022. [mehr]
15. Februar 2021
Wenn es um eine klimaverträgliche Energieversorgung geht, gilt grüner Wasserstoff als Hoffnungsträger. Eric Heymann erklärt, wie weit Forschung und Entwicklung inzwischen vorangekommen sind, wo grüner Wasserstoff überall zum Einsatz kommen könnte und welche Hürden es noch zu überwinden gilt. [mehr]
5. Februar 2021
2020 ended on a conciliatory note for European banks. Following a heavy hit in H1, H2 saw a dynamic recovery in the economy and financial markets, which helped slow down the rise in loan loss provisions and buoyed trading income. Corporate loan growth stabilised but remained elevated and retail lending shrug off the crisis, while banks’ liquidity reserves at the ECB surged to unprecedented and unsustainable levels. Government bond holdings initially rose strongly before calming down a bit. Capital and liquidity ratios weathered the crisis well, without even needing support from supervisors which relaxed a number of rules, at the risk of undermining confidence and transparency though. The outlook for 2021 is more benign with bank profitability set to rebound significantly thanks to much lower loss provisions. [mehr]
3. Februar 2021
A year ago, we stated that:
− Cryptocurrencies would become more mainstream. Both Facebook and PayPal will be adding cryptocurrency capability to their wallets early 2021.
− Central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) will be widely discussed. The Bahamas launched the first nationwide CBDC last October, and both Sweden and China launched pilots in early 2020.

What do we see this year? Click here and find out [mehr]
2. Februar 2021
If green hydrogen is to make a significant contribution to climate-friendly energy supply in the future, it will need to be produced (1) in large quantities, (2) cost-efficiently and (3) using low-carbon methods. Any solutions to these problems have remained in the realm of theory so far. Additional challenges arise in connection with the transport and storage of hydrogen. Initially, green hydrogen will be used to satisfy large-scale demand at specific locations, for example in energy-intensive industries. Like many other climate-friendly technologies, hydrogen will need government subsidies in the beginning. In the longer run, hydrogen might be used in the transport sector as well, for example as aircraft or ship fuel. In theory, hydrogen is highly versatile. However, it is quite expensive, too. That is one reason why hydrogen will probably make only a small contribution to the national and global energy transition in the next one or two decades. [mehr]
1. Februar 2021
The quick development of highly effective vaccines and, of course, expectations of huge fiscal stimulus in the US had made investors optimistic about global growth. However, their hopes were recently dampened as vaccination campaigns were slow to start and, in Europe, experienced supply problems. Furthermore, concerns about more infectious COVID mutations have led to prolonged and more restrictive lockdowns which have weighed on business and consumer sentiment. That has stopped the equity market uptrend for now. [mehr]
1. Februar 2021
Der globale Konjunkturoptimismus, der sich durch die schnelle Entwicklung von hochgradig wirksamen Impfstoffen und nicht zuletzt durch die Erwartungen eines massiven Fiskalstimulus in den USA Bahn gebrochen hatte, erlitt zuletzt einen herben Dämpfer. Schleppende Impfstarts mit Lieferproblemen in Europa, verlängerte und verschärfte Lockdowns aufgrund der Sorge über noch ansteckendere Mutationen des Coronavirus haben hier die Stimmung der Unternehmen und Konsumenten gedrückt und den Höhenflug an den Aktienmärkten zunächst einmal beendet. [mehr]
1. Februar 2021
Detroit lässt grüßen. In der neuesten Ausgabe von Podzept erklärt Eric Heymann, wie sein Warnruf zu verstehen ist. Die Umstellung auf E-Mobilität führt bei den Herstellern zunächst zu höheren Kosten. Diese können auch dadurch abgesenkt werden, dass Teile der Wertschöpfungskette ins Ausland verlagert werden. Das geschieht nicht von heute auf morgen, sondern erfolgt über Jahre. Der Prozess hat aber schon eingesetzt. Neben staatlicher Regulierung machten auch Marktentwicklungen und demografische Entwicklungen den Herstellern das Leben schwer. [mehr]
1. Februar 2021
Damit grüner Wasserstoff einen nennenswerten Beitrag zu einer klimaverträglichen Energieversorgung der Zukunft leisten kann, muss er (1) in großen Mengen, (2) kostengünstig und (3) möglichst CO₂-arm erzeugt werden. Wie dies gelingen soll, ist bislang nur theoretisch beantwortet. Hinzu kommen Herausforderungen bei Transport und Lagerung von Wasserstoff. Grüner Wasserstoff dürfte zunächst vor allem bei ortsgebundenen Großanwendungen eingesetzt werden, etwa in energieintensiven Industrien. Vorerst sind hierfür – wie so oft bei klimaverträglichen Technologien – staatliche Subventionen notwendig. Längerfristig könnte Wasserstoff auch bei einzelnen Verkehrsträgern zum Einsatz kommen (z.B. Luftverkehr, Schifffahrt). Wasserstoff ist theoretisch ein Energie-Multitalent. Nicht zuletzt wegen hoher Kosten dürfte sein Beitrag für die nationale und globale Energiewende in den nächsten ein bis zwei Dekaden jedoch noch überschaubar ausfallen. [mehr]
28. Januar 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered unusual cyclical volatility in the German auto sector. However, structural challenges are much more relevant for the sector - some stemming from regulatory framework conditions (i.e. EU CO2 targets for new cars), others from market developments. Traditional factors which determine a country’s attractiveness as an industrial location, such as the tax burden on corporates, wages or working time flexibility, have recently deteriorated in Germany, at least in an international comparison. Germany’s share in both global and European car production may decline over the coming years. The German car industry is better prepared for the electric mobility future and other structural challenges than Germany as a production location. [mehr]